Last Update: 10 Jan 2021

Types of Hammers and Uses?

James Kelly
James Kelly

Hi! This is James. I'm a professional writer and working on this field for a long time. Basically I love to write about everything related to tools, diy and home improvement. All my writings speak for itself as I'm passionate about this. I love to explore new things as well as new places whenever I get free time. You'll never find me free for this reason!

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Since the beginning, the hammer is recognized as a basic tool nearly for everything. It has been used for nearly every type of labor work. From installing a nail on your window to fixing your car, you cannot deny the requirement of a hammer.

Not much has been changed in the design of a hammer. Still, there are over 40 different types of hammer and uses also vary from one to another.

Surely you won’t need to buy all of these types. But from our guide, you will find out which type of hammer is suitable for your required work. So stick to the end of this article and select your required type of hammer.

Common Hand Powered Hammers

1.Claw Hammer

This is the most common hammer required for handyman work around the house and you are already familiar with it as well. The back of the hammer is claw-shaped which is used for pulling out nails easily using a lever. It is perfectly balanced in weight to use in easy nailing works. The head is directly connected to the body and a grip made out of wood, rubber, or glass fiber is wrapped around it for better control.

2.Ball Pein Hammer

These types of hammer are fairly common in engineering work for their rounded head shape and thus can be used to shape metal and closing rivets. They are found in a wide variety of weights between 55-1100g 4 oz – 2 lb) due to their flexible work requirement. Usually, the head and body are of different material as a wooden grip is more common.

3.Cross and Straight Pein Hammer

This type is fairly same as the ball pein hammer, just the straight pein design is better used for precision shaping metals and the cross pein is designed for straight panel pins and also tacks. The pein can be perpendicular or parallel to the handle. And the handle is usually a wooden grip.

4.Cross Pin Pein Hammer

The smaller pin head is used for lighter work usually in cabinet-work and light joinery. The design is the same as a straight pein hammer just lighter.

5.Club Hammer

This is a heavy piece of hammer usually used together with a steel chisel. Also, masonry nails which are usually bigger than normal nails are easier to work with this kind of hammer. Symmetrical head design and heavier weight are also good for light demolition work.

6.Sledge Hammer

This type of hammer is way heavier than a usual one-handed hammer and used in demolition work often to break concrete. This hammer weighs around 7,10 and 14 lb. Proper protective equipment is always a must while operating this hammer.

7.Joiner’s Mallet

The whole structure of this hammer is made out of wood and it is usually used for soft precision works such as woodworking. The wooden structure benefits it by having a lighter weight and providing better control.

8.Rubber Mallet

Same as a joiner’s mallet but the head is made out of rubber usually for shaping sheet metals. It also can be used in woodworking, upholstery, and delicate plasterboard work.

9.Framing Hammer

This type of hammer coupled with a straight pein hammer and claw hammer is called carpenter’s hammers. It has a wide range of uses in framing wood houses. It usually consists of a milled face and a straight pein.

10.Drilling Hammer

A shorter version of the sledgehammer usually used in shaping rocks with a chisel. Unlike the sledgehammer, this is a one-handed tool for manual drilling work.

11.Dead Blow Hammer

A mallet type of hammer with a hollow head filled with sand or pellets. Less recoil is produced due to the hollow design. Used in bouncy surface where It is risky to use other types of hammer such as repairing sheet metal dents and dislodging parts.

These are your usual types of hammer and uses of them which you can use in common household work. Now I will describe more mechanically powered hammers.

Mechanically Powered Hammers

Using a hammer manually can be physically strenuous work as well as time-consuming. But powered hammers will not only make your work easier also will complete the work with more precision. But safety regulation has to be increased while using these types of hammers.

1.Powered Nailers

This is an automated nailing machine also called a nail gun. Technically it doesn’t fall into a hammer category but does the work of a claw hammer. Safety gloves and glasses are required while using this powered hammer.

2.Hammer Drill

A hand-operated drill that generates a hammering motion for high impact drilling. Usually used for breaking an extra rough surface.

3.Jack Hammer

This is the mechanical counterpart of a sledgehammer which is also used in demolition and construction work. This tool is a combination of a powered hammer and a chisel.

Special Hammers

Special hammers include electrician’s hammer, blacksmith’s hammer, geologist hammer, gavel used by judges, lathe hammer, rock climbing hammer, splitting maul, welding chipping hammer, and many more.

These hammers have a distinct design for their limited professional uses. Such as a long neck head for an electrician’s hammer, flat heavy hard head for a blacksmith’s hammer. Lathe hammer for cutting and nailing wood lathe, splitting maul for chopping firewoods and welding chipping hammer for chipping away weld splatters. Usually, these types of hammers are never needed for household work. They have their uses in industrial applications.

Also included are some powered hammers such as forging hammers, steam hammer, and trip hammer, etc. Some other variants of special hammers include the aluminum hammer, block hammer, copper and hide hammers, etc usually used in the automotive industry.

Advice for Selecting Proper Hammer

While selecting a hammer always take into consideration your requirement. It is always advised to use the proper hammer for your required work. It will make your work way easier. Not every type can be suitable for your work. So take your time while selecting the proper hammer.

Safety Precautions While Using a Hammer

You may use a hammer for some small household work or some broader professional work. But you always have to maintain safety regulations while using one. As it is a high-impact working tool, always be careful of your hand placement. Always wear safety gloves and goggles while working with a hammer. Make sure to always check for loose handles. If it is a sophisticated work please seek some professional advice.

Types of Hammers and Uses Video Tips

Final Verdict

There is a wide variety of designs and specifications of hammers. We included the most used and common one for your selection. Other less common ones usually require professional skills to operate. We think by reading our article you can now get to now most types of hammers and uses of them and select the proper hammer. But keep in mind, safety is always the number one priority. So select your proper hammer and operate with safety regulations.

Beginners Guide to Different Types of Hammers and Uses 1